When we learn and practice our math skills, we will take the time to understand mathematical concepts, too. This means that we won't just memorize steps and procedures. We will use models, mathematical reasoning and real world examples to understand and use math in the classroom.
Fifth grade students must also work on their computational fluency.
The NCTM Principle and Standards of School Mathematics (2000) defines computational fluency as having efficient, flexible and accurate methods for computing. This does not just include using paper and pencil methods. Students need to be fluent in mental math, paper and pencil methods and using a calculator in computing answers to situations involving numbers (both whole numbers as well as fractions and decimals). Students must also know which method is best based on the given task. In addition, students must be able to determine when they should find an exact answer or when they should estimate.